Quercus Petraea (Sessile Oak)- A large, native and deciduous tree growing up to 20-40meters in a broad and spreading habit. Its distinctive leaves are dark green and evenly lobed and form an open dome shaped canopy, allowing light to reach the ground underneath and woodland flora to grow. As a rule of thumb, the leaves tend to shoot earlier in Sessile oak and stay on the branch the longest, making a good wind and visual barrier. However, sessile oak is also a valuable timber tree, producing durable and hard timber. Sessile oak is often mistaken for English Oak, the two trees are very similar, the difference being the length of the stalk on the acorns and leaves. Typically, sessile oak has stalk-less acorns and longer leaf stalks, when in English oak it is the opposite. Overall, sessile oak is worthwhile planting in both forestry and landscaping situations, its bold appearance, year-round colour and wildlife value make an all-round popular tree.
Fruit: The acorns have shallow cups which ripen from green to brown. Most oak trees do not produce acorns until they are 50 years old.
Timber: The timber is strong and heavy, most commonly used for furniture, fencing, gates and railway carriages.
Soil Types/ Habitat: It grows well in most soils, but does tend to suffer in heavy wet soils. Most commonly found in the west of the UK. Suitable for coastal areas.