Rhamnus Frangula (Alder Buckthorn)- A small native tree which can grow up to 6 meters tall when mature, bearing dark green leaves which turn to a mix of golds and yellows in the autumn. During the spring, alder buckthorn displays clusters of very small star shaped white flowers, which once pollinated turn into red fleshy fruits. Although they share the same name, alder buckthorn is no relation of the common alder but they are similar in the way they are both good pioneer species. Commonly found in shrubland, hedgerows and river banks, alder buckthorn is fairly widespread but often overlooked.
Fruit: The fruits are red and ripen to black in the winter. A good winter food source for birds and small mammals.
Timber: The charcoal can be used in gunpowder as it gives an even rate of burning. Also used in fuses.
Soil Types/ Habitat: Grows best in wet, marshy ground and is shade tolerant. Best to avoid light dry and exposed areas.