Salix Alba (White Willow)- A tall fast-growing shrub with long thin green leaves which appear paler than most due to the leaves bearing a silver underside. It tolerates a wide variety of soils, but prefers deep moist conditions and is often used as a pioneer plant on the banks of lakes and streams. Due to its root systems, the white willow is very useful at binding soil in flood prone areas. It is resistant to snow, frost and high winds, allowing it to be useful in windbreaks.
Fruit: Female catkins open when ripe to release lots of white cotton-like hairs that carry the seeds.
Timber: The timber is soft and light in colour. It can be used to make matches and paper pulp.
Soil Types/Habitat: White willow will grow in most soils and situations, but like other varieties of willow is best suited to wet deep conditions.